Android入門:發送HTTP的GET和POST請求

 

服務器端代碼

[java] 
package org.xiazdong.servlet; 
 
import java.io.IOException; 
import javax.servlet.ServletException; 
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; 
 
@WebServlet("/PrintServlet") 
public class PrintServlet extends HttpServlet { 
 
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { 
        String name = new String(request.getParameter("name").getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8"); 
        String age = new String(request.getParameter("age").getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8"); 
        System.out.println("姓名:"+name+"\n年齡:"+age); 
    } 
 
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { 
        request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8"); 
        System.out.println("姓名:"+request.getParameter("name")+"\n年齡:"+request.getParameter("age")); 
    } 

 

Android端代碼

[java]
package org.xiazdong.network.submit; 
 
import java.io.OutputStream; 
import java.net.HttpURLConnection; 
import java.net.URL; 
import java.net.URLEncoder; 
 
import android.app.Activity; 
import android.os.Bundle; 
import android.view.View; 
import android.view.View.OnClickListener; 
import android.widget.Button; 
import android.widget.EditText; 
import android.widget.Toast; 
 
public class MainActivity extends Activity { 
    private EditText name, age; 
    private Button getbutton, postbutton; 
    private OnClickListener listener = new OnClickListener() { 
        @Override 
        public void onClick(View v) { 
            try{ 
                if (getbutton == v) { 
                    /*
                     * 因為是GET請求,所以需要將請求參數添加到URL後,並且還需要進行URL編碼
                     * URL = http://192.168.0.103:8080/Server/PrintServlet?name=%E6%88%91&age=20
                     * 此處需要進行URL編碼因為瀏覽器提交時自動進行URL編碼
                     * */ 
                    StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder("http://192.168.0.103:8080/Server/PrintServlet"); 
                    buf.append("?"); 
                    buf.append("name="+URLEncoder.encode(name.getText().toString(),"UTF-8")+"&"); 
                    buf.append("age="+URLEncoder.encode(age.getText().toString(),"UTF-8")); 
                    URL url = new URL(buf.toString()); 
                    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection(); 
                    conn.setRequestMethod("GET"); 
                    if(conn.getResponseCode()==200){ 
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "GET提交成功", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
                    } 
                    else Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "GET提交失敗", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
                } 
                if (postbutton == v) { 
                    /*
                     * 如果是POST請求,則請求參數放在請求體中,
                     * name=%E6%88%91&age=12
                     * 
                     * */ 
                    StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder(); 
                    buf.append("name="+URLEncoder.encode(name.getText().toString(),"UTF-8")+"&"); 
                    buf.append("age="+URLEncoder.encode(age.getText().toString(),"UTF-8")); 
                    byte[]data = buf.toString().getBytes("UTF-8"); 
                    URL url = new URL("http://192.168.0.103:8080/Server/PrintServlet"); 
                    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection(); 
                    conn.setRequestMethod("POST"); 
                    conn.setDoOutput(true); //如果要輸出,則必須加上此句 
                    OutputStream out = conn.getOutputStream(); 
                    out.write(data); 
                    if(conn.getResponseCode()==200){ 
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "GET提交成功", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
                    } 
                    else Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "GET提交失敗", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
                } 
            } 
            catch(Exception e){ 
                 
            }   www.aiwalls.com
        } 
    }; 
 
    @Override 
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
        setContentView(R.layout.main); 
        name = (EditText) this.findViewById(R.id.name); 
        age = (EditText) this.findViewById(R.id.age); 
        getbutton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.getbutton); 
        postbutton = (Button) this.findViewById(R.id.postbutton); 
        getbutton.setOnClickListener(listener); 
        postbutton.setOnClickListener(listener); 
    } 

 

 作者:xiazdong

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