Android自動化測試之MonkeyRunner之MonkeyImage

Android自動化測試之MonkeyRunner之MonkeyImage

A monkeyrunner class to hold an image of the device or emulator's screen. The image is copied from the screen buffer during a screenshot. This object's methods allow you to convert the image into various storage formats, write the image to a file, copy parts of the image, and compare this object to other MonkeyImage objects.

You do not need to create new instances of MonkeyImage. Instead, useMonkeyDevice.takeSnapshot() to create a new instance from a screenshot. For example, use:

newimage = MonkeyDevice.takeSnapshot()

Summary

Methods

string convertToBytes(string format)

Converts the current image to a particular format and returns it as astring that you can then access as aniterable of binary bytes.

tuple getRawPixel(integer x,integer y)

Returns the single pixel at the image location (x,y), as an atuple ofinteger, in the form (a,r,g,b).

integer getRawPixelInt(integer x,integer y)

Returns the single pixel at the image location (x,y), as a 32-bitinteger.

MonkeyImage getSubImage(tuple rect)

Creates a new MonkeyImage object from a rectangular selection of the current image.

boolean sameAs(MonkeyImage other,float percent)

Compares this MonkeyImage object to another and returns the result of the comparison. Thepercent argument specifies the percentage difference that is allowed for the two images to be "equal".

void writeToFile(string path,string format)

Writes the current image to the file specified by filename, in the format specified by format.

Public Methods

string convertToBytes(string format)

Converts the current image to a particular format and returns it as a string that you can then access as aniterable of binary bytes.

Arguments

format The desired output format. All of the common raster output formats are supported. The default value is "png" (Portable Network Graphics).

tuple getRawPixel(integer x,integer y)

Returns the single pixel at the image location (x,y), as an a tuple ofinteger, in the form (a,r,g,b).

Arguments

x The horizontal position of the pixel, starting with 0 at the left of the screen in the orientation it had when the screenshot was taken.

y The vertical position of the pixel, starting with 0 at the top of the screen in the orientation it had when the screenshot was taken.

Returns

A tuple of integers representing the pixel, in the form (a,r,g,b) where a is the alpha channel value, and r, g, and b are the red, green, and blue values, respectively.

tuple getRawPixelInt(integer x,integer y)

Returns the single pixel at the image location (x,y), as an an integer. Use this method to economize on memory.

Arguments

x The horizontal position of the pixel, starting with 0 at the left of the screen in the orientation it had when the screenshot was taken.

y The vertical position of the pixel, starting with 0 at the top of the screen in the orientation it had when the screenshot was taken.

Returns

The a,r,g, and b values of the pixel as 8-bit values combined into a 32-bit integer, with a as the leftmost 8 bits, r the next rightmost, and so forth.

MonkeyImagegetSubImage(tuple rect)

Creates a new MonkeyImage object from a rectangular selection of the current image.

Arguments

rect A tuple (x, y, w, h) specifying the selection. x and y specify the 0-based pixel position of the upper left-hand corner of the selection. w specifies the width of the region, and h specifies its height, both in units of pixels.

The image's orientation is the same as the screen orientation at the time the screenshot was made.

Returns

A new MonkeyImage object containing the selection.

boolean sameAs(MonkeyImageotherImage,float percent )

Compares this MonkeyImage object to another and returns the result of the comparison. Thepercent argument specifies the percentage difference that is allowed for the two images to be "equal".

Arguments

other Another MonkeyImage object to compare to this one.

percent A float in the range 0.0 to 1.0, inclusive, indicating the percentage of pixels that need to be the same for the method to returntrue. The default is 1.0, indicating that all the pixels must match.

Returns

Boolean true if the images match, or boolean false otherwise.

void writeToFile(string filename,string format)

Writes the current image to the file specified by filename, in the format specified byformat.

Arguments

path The fully-qualified filename and extension of the output file.

format The output format to use for the file. If no format is provided, then the method tries to guess the format from the filename's extension. If no extension is provided and no format is specified, then the default format of "png" (Portable Network Graphics) is used.

 

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