IOS dispatch_once – iPhone手機開發技術文章 iPhone軟體開發教學課程

dispatch_once

Executes a block object once and only once for the lifetime of an application.

 

   void dispatch_once(

   dispatch_once_t *predicate,

   dispatch_block_t block);

Parameters

 

predicate

A pointer to a dispatch_once_t structure that is used to test whether the block has completed or not.

 

block

The block object to execute once.

 

Discussion

 

This function is useful for initialization of global data (singletons) in an application. Always call this function before using or testing any variables that are initialized by the block.

 

If called simultaneously from multiple threads, this function waits synchronously until the block has completed.

 

The predicate must point to a variable stored in global or static scope. The result of using a predicate with automatic or dynamic storage is undefined.

 

 

dispatch_once不僅意味著代碼僅會被運行一次,而且還是線程安全的,這就意味著你不需要使用諸如@synchronized之類的來防止使用多個線程或者隊列時不同步的問題。

 

 

如果你要共享某個實例

 

+(MyInstance*)shareMyInstance()

 

 

static MyInstance *inst=nil;

 

static dispatch_once_t   p;

 

dispatch_once(&p,^{

 

inst=[[MyInstance alloc]init];

 

});

 

return inst;

 

 

 

你任何時候訪問共享實例,需要做的僅是:

 

MyInstance *myInst = [MyInstance  shareMyInstance];

    就這樣,你在應用中就有一個共享的實例,該實例隻會被創建一次。

 

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