數據庫應用-SQL語句導入導出大全 – JAVA編程語言程序開發技術文章

/******* 導出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c: emp1.xls -c -q -S”GNETDATA/GNETDATA” -U”sa” -P””

/*********** 導入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
Data Source=”c: est.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0)…xactions

/*動態文件名
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = c: est.xls
set @s =Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
Data Source=”+@fn+”;UserID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0
set @s = SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource (+@s+)…sheet1$exec(@s)
*/

SELECT cast(cast(科目編號 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+  轉換後的別名
FROM OpenDataSource( Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
Data Source=”c: est.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0)…xactions

/********************** EXCEL導到遠程SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
SQLOLEDB,
Data Source=遠程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密碼
).庫名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
Data Source=”c: est.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0)…xactions

/** 導入文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell bcp dbname..tablename in c:DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword

/** 導出文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell bcp dbname..tablename out c:DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell bcp “Select * from dbname..tablename” queryout c:DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword

導出到TXT文本,用逗號分開
exec master..xp_cmdshell bcp “庫名..表名” out “d: t.txt” -c -t ,-U sa -P password

BULK INSERT 庫名..表名
FROM c: est.txt
WITH (
FIELDTERMINATOR = ;,
ROWTERMINATOR =

)

–/* dBase IV文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0
,dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:,select * from [客戶資料4.dbf])
–*/

–/* dBase III文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0
,dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:,select * from [客戶資料3.dbf])
–*/

–/* FoxPro 數據庫
select * from openrowset(MSDASQL,
Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:,
select * from [aa.DBF])
–*/

/**************導入DBF文件****************/
select * from openrowset(MSDASQL,
Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:VFP98data;
SourceType=DBF,
select * from customer where country != “USA” order by country)
go
/***************** 導出到DBF ***************/
如果要導出數據到已經生成結構(即現存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL語句

insert into openrowset(MSDASQL,
Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:,
select * from [aa.DBF])
select * from 表

說明:
SourceDB=c: 指定foxpro表所在的文件夾
aa.DBF 指定foxpro表的文件名.

/*************導出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset(Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
x:A.mdb;admin;,A表) select * from 數據庫名..B表

/*************導入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset(Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
x:A.mdb;admin;,A表)

文件名為參數
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = d: est.mdb
exec(SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
+@fname+;admin;, topics) as a )

SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0,
Data Source=”f:
orthwind.mdb”;Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User ID=Admin;Password=;)…產品

********************* 導入 xml 文件

DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
–sample XML document
SET @doc =
< root >
< Customer cid= “C1″ name=”Janine” city=”Issaquah” >
< Order oid=”O1″ date=”1/20/1996″ amount=”3.5″ />
< Order oid=”O2″ date=”4/30/1997″ amount=”13.4″ > Customer was very satisfied
</Order>
</Customer>
< Customer cid=”C2″ name=”Ursula” city=”Oelde” >
< Order oid=”O3″ date=”7/14/1999″ amount=”100″ note=”Wrap it blue
white red”>
< Urgency > Important< /Urgency >
Happy Customer.
</Order>
< Order oid=”O4″ date=”1/20/1996″ amount=”10000″/>
</Customer>
</root>

— Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @idoc OUTPUT, @doc

— Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT *
FROM OPENXML (@idoc, /root/Customer/Order, 1)
WITH (oid char(5),
amount float,
comment ntext text())
EXEC sp_xml_removedocument @idoc

/**************Excel導到Txt****************************************/
想用
select * into opendatasource(…) from opendatasource(…)
實現將一個Excel文件內容導入到一個文本文件

假設Excel中有兩列,第一列為姓名,第二列為很行帳號(16位)
且銀行帳號導出到文本文件後分兩部分,前8位和後8位分開。

鄒健:
如果要用你上面的語句插入的話,文本文件必須存在,而且有一行:姓名,銀行賬號1,銀行賬號2
然後就可以用下面的語句進行插入
註意文件名和目錄根據你的實際情況進行修改.

insert into
opendatasource(MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0
,Text;HDR=Yes;DATABASE=C:
)…[aa#txt]
–,aa#txt)
–*/
select 姓名,銀行賬號1=left(銀行賬號,8),銀行賬號2=right(銀行賬號,8)
from
opendatasource(MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0
,Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:a.xls
–,Sheet1$)
)…[Sheet1$]

如果你想直接插入並生成文本文件,就要用bcp

declare @sql varchar(8000),@tbname varchar(50)

–首先將excel表內容導入到一個全局臨時表
select @tbname=[##temp+cast(newid() as varchar(40))+]
,@sql=select 姓名,銀行賬號1=left(銀行賬號,8),銀行賬號2=right(銀行賬號,8)
into +@tbname+ from
opendatasource(MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0
,Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:a.xls
)…[Sheet1$]
exec(@sql)

–然後用bcp從全局臨時表導出到文本文件
set @sql=bcp +@tbname+ out “c:aa.txt” /S”(local)” /P”” /c
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql

–刪除臨時表
exec(drop table +@tbname)

/********************導整個數據庫*********************************************/

用bcp實現的存儲過程

/*
實現數據導入/導出的存儲過程
根據不同的參數,可以實現導入/導出整個數據庫/單個表
調用示例:
–導出調用示例
—-導出單個表
exec file2table zj,,,xzkh_sa..地區資料,c:zj.txt,1
—-導出整個數據庫
exec file2table zj,,,xzkh_sa,C:docman,1

–導入調用示例
—-導入單個表
exec file2table zj,,,xzkh_sa..地區資料,c:zj.txt,0
—-導入整個數據庫
exec file2table zj,,,xzkh_sa,C:docman,0

*/
if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name=File2Table and objectproperty(id,IsProcedure)=1)
drop procedure File2Table
go
create procedure File2Table
@servername varchar(200) –服務器名
,@username varchar(200) –用戶名,如果用NT驗證方式,則為空
,@password varchar(200) –密碼
,@tbname varchar(500) –數據庫.dbo.表名,如果不指定:.dbo.表名,則導出數據庫的所有用戶表
,@filename varchar(1000) –導入/導出路徑/文件名,如果@tbname參數指明是導出整個數據庫,則這個參數是文件存放路徑,文件名自動用表名.txt
,@isout bit –1為導出,0為導入
as
declare @sql varchar(8000)

if @tbname like %.%.% –如果指定瞭表名,則直接導出單個表
begin
set @sql=bcp +@tbname
+case when @isout=1 then out else in end
+ +@filename+ /w
+ /S +@servername
+

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