實現簡單的Canvas畫圖

定義變量:

[javascript]
var startX; 
var startY; 
var endX; 
var endY; 
var radius; 
var canvas = document.getElementById("myCanvas"); 
var context = canvas.getContext("2d"); 
var select = document.getElementsByTagName("select"); 
var startX;
var startY;
var endX;
var endY;
var radius;
var canvas = document.getElementById("myCanvas");
var context = canvas.getContext("2d");
var select = document.getElementsByTagName("select");

 

函數部分:

[javascript]
window.onload=function() { 
    canvas.onmousedown = function(e) { 
    e = e || event; 
    startX = e.clientX; 
    startY = e.clientY; 
    if(select[0].value == "arc") { 
        canvas.onmousemove = moveShowArc; 
    } else { 
        canvas.onmousemove = moveShowRect; 
    } 
    } 
    canvas.onmouseup = function() { 
    canvas.onmousemove = ""; 
    } 

function moveShowRect(e) { 
    context.clearRect(0, 0, 500, 300); 
    endX = e.clientX – startX; 
    endY = e.clientY – startY; 
    context.beginPath(); 
    context.rect(startX, startY, endX, endY); 
    context.fillStyle = "#8ED6FF"; 
    context.fill(); 
    context.lineWidth = 3; 
    context.strokeStyle = "black"; 
    context.stroke(); 

function moveShowArc(e) { 
    context.clearRect(0, 0, 500, 300); 
    endX = e.clientX – startX; 
    endY = e.clientY – startY; 
    radius = Math.sqrt(Math.pow(endX,2)+Math.pow(endY,2)); 
    context.beginPath(); 
    context.arc(startX, startY,radius,0,2 * Math.PI,false); 
    context.fillStyle = "#8ED6FF"; 
    context.fill(); 
    context.lineWidth = 3; 
    context.strokeStyle = "black"; 
    context.stroke(); 

window.onload=function() {
    canvas.onmousedown = function(e) {
 e = e || event;
 startX = e.clientX;
 startY = e.clientY;
 if(select[0].value == "arc") {
     canvas.onmousemove = moveShowArc;
 } else {
     canvas.onmousemove = moveShowRect;
 }
    }
    canvas.onmouseup = function() {
 canvas.onmousemove = "";
    }
}
function moveShowRect(e) {
    context.clearRect(0, 0, 500, 300);
    endX = e.clientX – startX;
    endY = e.clientY – startY;
    context.beginPath();
    context.rect(startX, startY, endX, endY);
    context.fillStyle = "#8ED6FF";
    context.fill();
    context.lineWidth = 3;
    context.strokeStyle = "black";
    context.stroke();
}
function moveShowArc(e) {
    context.clearRect(0, 0, 500, 300);
    endX = e.clientX – startX;
    endY = e.clientY – startY;
    radius = Math.sqrt(Math.pow(endX,2)+Math.pow(endY,2));
    context.beginPath();
    context.arc(startX, startY,radius,0,2 * Math.PI,false);
    context.fillStyle = "#8ED6FF";
    context.fill();
    context.lineWidth = 3;
    context.strokeStyle = "black";
    context.stroke();
}

 

Demo

 

摘自 簡生的代碼備忘錄

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