CentOS下安裝MySQL

 

1.    軟件獲得

可以從官方網站獲得穩定版本mysql5.1.58。選擇souce code,下載壓縮包安裝文件。

若主機直接連接公網,可在主機上直接使用如下方式獲得軟件包:

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.1/mysql-5.1.58.tar.gz/from/https://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/mysql/

 

2.    安裝方法

1)            解壓軟件包

tar xvf mysql-5.1.58.tar.gz

 

2)            配置mysql用戶

useradd –d /home/mysql mysql

 

編輯mysql用戶的.bash_profile

# .bash_profile

 

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

        . ~/.bashrc

fi

 

# User specific environment and startup programs

 

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/sbin

export PATH

export PS1="[\u@\h \w ]\$"

 

 

3)            配置,編譯,編譯安裝

./configure –prefix=/home/mysql/ \

–with-unix-socket-path=/home/mysql/mysql.sock \

–with-big-tables \

–with-charset=utf8 \

–with-collation=utf8_general_ci \

–with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,utf8 \

–with-client-ldflags=-all-static \

–with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static \

–with-plugins=partition,innobase,myisammrg \

–with-pthread \

–with-readline \

–without-debug \

–without-isam \

–enable-assembler \

–enable-local-infile \

–enable-thread-safe-client

 

make

 

make install

 

4)            創建MySQL數據庫

創建數據庫之前,先編輯my.cnf文件。my.cnf文件放在MySQL的安裝目錄下面(/home/mysql)。my.cnf 文件內容如下:

[client]

#character-set-server = utf8

port = 3306

socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

 

[mysqld]

character-set-server = utf8

replicate-ignore-db = mysql

replicate-ignore-db = test

replicate-ignore-db = information_schema

user = mysql

port = 3306

socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

basedir = /home/mysql

datadir = /home/mysql/data

log-error = /home/mysql/log/error.log

pid-file = /home/mysql/mysql.pid

open_files_limit = 10240

back_log = 600

max_connections = 5000

max_connect_errors = 6000

table_cache = 614

external-locking = FALSE

max_allowed_packet = 32M

sort_buffer_size = 1M

join_buffer_size = 1M

thread_cache_size = 300

#thread_concurrency = 8

query_cache_size = 512M

query_cache_limit = 2M

query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k

default-storage-engine = MyISAM

thread_stack = 192K

transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED

tmp_table_size = 246M

max_heap_table_size = 246M

long_query_time = 3

log-slave-updates

log-bin = /home/mysql/log/binlog

binlog_cache_size = 4M

binlog_format = MIXED

max_binlog_cache_size = 8M

max_binlog_size = 1G

relay-log-index = /home/mysql/log/relaylog

relay-log-info-file = /home/mysql/log/relaylog

relay-log = /home/mysql/log/relaylog

expire_logs_days = 30

key_buffer_size = 256M

read_buffer_size = 1M

read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M

myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M

myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G

myisam_repair_threads = 1

myisam_recover

 

interactive_timeout = 120

wait_timeout = 120

 

skip-name-resolve

#master-connect-retry = 10

slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

 

#master-host = 192.168.1.2

#master-user = username

#master-password = password

#master-port = 3306

 

 

server-id = 1

 

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend

innodb_file_io_threads = 4

innodb_thread_concurrency = 8

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2

innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M

innodb_log_file_size = 128M

innodb_log_files_in_group = 3

innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90

innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120

innodb_file_per_table = 0

 

#log-slow-queries = /home/mysql/log/slow.log

#long_query_time = 10

 

[mysqldump]

quick

max_allowed_packet = 32M

 

創建相關目錄:

mkdir -p /home/mysql/data/

mkdir -p /home/mysql/log/

創建數據庫命令如下:

/home/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db \       

–defaults-file=/home/mysql/my.cnf \        

–basedir=/home/mysql \

–datadir=/home/mysql/data \            

–user=mysql

 

5)            配置MySQL為系統service

 

cp /home/mysql/my.cnf /etc/

cp /usr/local/web/mysql/share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

chkconfig –add mysql

 

6)            MySQL啟動

 

service mysql start

 

7)            修改MySQL root 密碼

/home/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'mysql'

修改mysql root的密碼為mysql

 

8)            MySQL關閉

service mysql stop

 

 

 

本文出自 “leom_lee” 博客

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