PHP memcache實現消息隊列實例

現在memcache在伺服器緩存應用比較廣泛,下面我來介紹memcache實現消息隊列等待的一個例子,有需要瞭解的朋友可參考。

memche消息隊列的原理就是在key上做文章,用以做一個連續的數字加上前綴記錄序列化以後消息或者日志。然後通過定時程式將內容落地到文件或者伺服器。

php實現消息隊列的用處比如在做發送郵件時發送大量郵件很費時間的問題,那麼可以采取隊列。
方便實現隊列的輕量級隊列伺服器是:
starling支持memcache協議的輕量級持久化伺服器
https://github.com/starling/starling
Beanstalkd輕量、高效,支持持久化,每秒可處理3000左右的隊列
https://kr.github.com/beanstalkd/
php中也可以使用memcache/memcached來實現消息隊列。

connect('127.0.0.1', 11211);
}
return $mc;
}
/**
* mc 計數器,增加計數並返回新的計數
* @param string $key   計數器
* @param int $offset   計數增量,可為負數.0為不改變計數
* @param int $time     時間
* @return int/false    失敗是返回false,成功時返回更新計數器後的計數
*/
static public function set_counter( $key, $offset, $time=0 ){
$mc = self::mc_init();
$val = $mc->get($key);
if( !is_numeric($val) || $val set( $key, 0, $time );
if( !$ret ) return false;
$val = 0;
}
$offset = intval( $offset );
if( $offset > 0 ){
return $mc->increment( $key, $offset );
}elseif( $offset decrement( $key, -$offset );
}
return $val;
}
/**
* 寫入隊列
* @param string $key
* @param mixed $value
* @return bool
*/
static public function input( $key, $value ){
$mc = self::mc_init();
$w_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'W';
$v_key = self::PREFIX.$key.self::set_counter($w_key, 1);
return $mc->set( $v_key, $value );
}
/**
* 讀取隊列裡的數據
* @param string $key
* @param int $max  最多讀取條數
* @return array
*/
static public function output( $key, $max=100 ){
$out = array();
$mc = self::mc_init();
$r_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'R';
$w_key = self::PREFIX.$key.'W';
$r_p   = self::set_counter( $r_key, 0 );//讀指針
$w_p   = self::set_counter( $w_key, 0 );//寫指針
if( $r_p == 0 ) $r_p = 1;
while( $w_p >= $r_p ){
if( --$max get( $v_key );
$mc->delete($v_key);
}
return $out;
}
}
/**
使用方法:
QMC::input($key, $value );//寫入隊列
$list = QMC::output($key);//讀取隊列
*/
?>

基於PHP共享內存實現的消息隊列:

shmId = shmop_open($shmkey, "c", 0644, $this->memSize );
$this->maxQSize = $this->memSize / $this->blockSize;
// 申?一個信號量
$this->semId = sem_get($shmkey, 1);
sem_acquire($this->semId); // 申請進入臨界區
$this->init();
}
private function init()
{
if ( file_exists($this->filePtr) ){
$contents = file_get_contents($this->filePtr);
$data = explode( '|', $contents );
if ( isset($data[0]) && isset($data[1])){
$this->front = (int)$data[0];
$this->rear  = (int)$data[1];
}
}
}
public function getLength()
{
return (($this->rear - $this->front + $this->memSize) % ($this->memSize) )/$this->blockSize;
}
public function enQueue( $value )
{
if ( $this->ptrInc($this->rear) == $this->front ){ // 隊滿
return false;
}
$data = $this->encode($value);
shmop_write($this->shmId, $data, $this->rear );
$this->rear = $this->ptrInc($this->rear);
return true;
}
public function deQueue()
{
if ( $this->front == $this->rear ){ // 隊空
return false;
}
$value = shmop_read($this->shmId, $this->front, $this->blockSize-1);
$this->front = $this->ptrInc($this->front);
return $this->decode($value);
}
private function ptrInc( $ptr )
{
return ($ptr + $this->blockSize) % ($this->memSize);
}
private function encode( $value )
{
$data = serialize($value) . "__eof";
echo '';
echo strlen($data);
echo '';
echo $this->blockSize -1;
echo '';
if ( strlen($data) > $this->blockSize -1 ){
throw new Exception(strlen($data)." is overload block size!");
}
return $data;
}
private function decode( $value )
{
$data = explode("__eof", $value);
return unserialize($data[0]);
}
public function __destruct()
{
$data = $this->front . '|' . $this->rear;
file_put_contents($this->filePtr, $data);
sem_release($this->semId); // 出臨界區, 釋放信號量
}
}
/*
// 進隊操作
$shmq = new ShmQueue();
$data = 'test data';
$shmq->enQueue($data);
unset($shmq);
// 出隊操作
$shmq = new ShmQueue();
$data = $shmq->deQueue();
unset($shmq);
*/
?>

對於一個很大的消息隊列,頻繁進行進行大伺服器的序列化 和 反序列化,有太耗費。下面是我用PHP 實現的一個消息隊列,隻需要在尾部插入一個數據,就操作尾部,不用操作整個消息隊列進行讀取,與操作。但是,這個消息隊列不是線程安全的,我隻是盡量的避免瞭沖突的可能性。如果消息不是非常的密集,比如幾秒鐘才一個,還是可以考慮這樣使用的。
如果你要實現線程安全的,一個建議是通過文件進行鎖定,然後進行操作。下面是代碼:
代碼如下:

class Memcache_Queue 
{ 
private $memcache; 
private $name; 
private $prefix; 
function __construct($maxSize, $name, $memcache, $prefix = "__memcache_queue__") 
{ 
if ($memcache == null) { 
throw new Exception("memcache object is null, new the object first."); 
} 
$this->memcache = $memcache; 
$this->name = $name; 
$this->prefix = $prefix; 
$this->maxSize = $maxSize; 
$this->front = 0; 
$this->real = 0; 
$this->size = 0; 
} 
function __get($name) 
{ 
return $this->get($name); 
} 
function __set($name, $value) 
{ 
$this->add($name, $value); 
return $this; 
} 
function isEmpty() 
{ 
return $this->size == 0; 
} 
function isFull() 
{ 
return $this->size == $this->maxSize; 
} 
function enQueue($data) 
{ 
if ($this->isFull()) { 
throw new Exception("Queue is Full"); 
} 
$this->increment("size"); 
$this->set($this->real, $data); 
$this->set("real", ($this->real + 1) % $this->maxSize); 
return $this; 
} 
function deQueue() 
{ 
if ($this->isEmpty()) { 
throw new Exception("Queue is Empty"); 
} 
$this->decrement("size"); 
$this->delete($this->front); 
$this->set("front", ($this->front + 1) % $this->maxSize); 
return $this; 
} 
function getTop() 
{ 
return $this->get($this->front); 
} 
function getAll() 
{ 
return $this->getPage(); 
} 
function getPage($offset = 0, $limit = 0) 
{ 
if ($this->isEmpty() || $this->size getKeyByPos(($this->front + $offset) % $this->maxSize); 
$num = 1; 
for ($pos = ($this->front + $offset + 1) % $this->maxSize; $pos != $this->real; $pos = ($pos + 1) % $this->maxSize) 
{ 
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($pos); 
$num++; 
if ($limit > 0 && $limit == $num) { 
break; 
} 
} 
return array_values($this->memcache->get($keys)); 
} 
function makeEmpty() 
{ 
$keys = $this->getAllKeys(); 
foreach ($keys as $value) { 
$this->delete($value); 
} 
$this->delete("real"); 
$this->delete("front"); 
$this->delete("size"); 
$this->delete("maxSize"); 
} 
private function getAllKeys() 
{ 
if ($this->isEmpty()) 
{ 
return array(); 
} 
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($this->front); 
for ($pos = ($this->front + 1) % $this->maxSize; $pos != $this->real; $pos = ($pos + 1) % $this->maxSize) 
{ 
$keys[] = $this->getKeyByPos($pos); 
} 
return $keys; 
} 
private function add($pos, $data) 
{ 
$this->memcache->add($this->getKeyByPos($pos), $data); 
return $this; 
} 
private function increment($pos) 
{ 
return $this->memcache->increment($this->getKeyByPos($pos)); 
} 
private function decrement($pos) 
{ 
$this->memcache->decrement($this->getKeyByPos($pos)); 
} 
private function set($pos, $data) 
{ 
$this->memcache->set($this->getKeyByPos($pos), $data); 
return $this; 
} 
private function get($pos) 
{ 
return $this->memcache->get($this->getKeyByPos($pos)); 
} 
private function delete($pos) 
{ 
return $this->memcache->delete($this->getKeyByPos($pos)); 
} 
private function getKeyByPos($pos) 
{ 
return $this->prefix . $this->name . $pos; 
} 
} 

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