PHP與EXCEL PHPExcel

1、PHPExcel簡介

PHPExcel 是用來操作Office Excel 文檔的一個PHP類庫,它基於微軟的OpenXML標準和PHP語言。可以使用它來讀取、寫入不同格式的電子表格,如 Excel (BIFF) .xls, Excel 2007 (OfficeOpenXML) .xlsx, CSV, Libre/OpenOffice Calc .ods, Gnumeric, PDF, HTML等等。

2、EXCEL導出文件

include 'PHPExcel.php';
include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';
//或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用於輸出.xls的
創建一個excel
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();
保存excel—2007格式
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);
//或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式
$objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx");
直接輸出到瀏覽器
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);
header("Pragma; public");
header("Expires; 0″);
header("Cache-Control;must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″);
header("Content-Type;application/force-download");
header("Content-Type;application/vnd.ms-execl");
header("Content-Type;application/octet-stream");
header("Content-Type;application/download");;
header('Content-Disposition;attachment;filename="resume.xls"');
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding;binary");
$objWriter->save('php;//output');
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設置excel的屬性:
創建人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
最後修改人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
標題
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
題目
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
描述
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
關鍵字
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");
種類
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
——————————————————————————————————————–
設置當前的sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
設置sheet的name
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');
設置單元格的值
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2;C4)');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2;C5)');
合並單元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22');
分離單元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A28;B28');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28;B28');
保護cell
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3;E13', 'PHPExcel');
設置格式
// Set cell number formats
echo date('H;i;s') . " Set cell number formats\n";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat;;FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5;E13' );
設置寬width
// Set column widths
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
設置font
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font;;UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
設置align
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
//垂直居中
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;VERTICAL_CENTER);
設置column的border
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);
設置border的color
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
設置填充顏色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
加圖片
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Logo');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Paid');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
在默認sheet後,創建一個worksheet
echo date('H;i;s') . " Create new Worksheet object\n";
$objPHPExcel->createSheet();

3、EXCEL導入

require_once 'PHPExcel/IOFactory.php';
$inputFileName = 'ceshi.xls';
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_Excel5();
$objPHPExcel = $objReader->load($inputFileName);
$sheet = $objPHPExcel->getSheet(0);
$highestRow = $sheet->getHighestRow(); // 取得總行數
$highestColumn = $sheet->getHighestColumn(); // 取得總列數

$tempArray = array();
for($j=2;$j<=$highestRow;$j++){
   for($k='A';$kgetActiveSheet()->getCell("$k$j")->getValue());
	else
		$tempArray[] = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell("$k$j")->getValue();
	}
	print_r($tempArray);
	unset($tempArray);
}


function excelTime($date, $time = false) {
	if(function_exists('GregorianToJD')){
		if (is_numeric( $date )) {
		$jd = GregorianToJD( 1, 1, 1970 );
		$gregorian = JDToGregorian( $jd + intval ( $date ) - 25569 );
		$date = explode( '/', $gregorian );
		$date_str = str_pad( $date [2], 4, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )
		."-". str_pad( $date [0], 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )
		."-". str_pad( $date [1], 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )
		. ($time ? " 00:00:00" : '');
		return $date_str;
		}
	}else{
		$date=$date>25568?$date+1:25569;
		/*There was a bug if Converting date before 1-1-1970 (tstamp 0)*/
		$ofs=(70 * 365 + 17+2) * 86400;
		$date = date("Y-m-d",($date * 86400) - $ofs).($time ? " 00:00:00" : '');
	}
  return $date;
}

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