PHP操作Excel – PHPExcel 基本用法詳解

1.header
[php] 
header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-excel"); 
header("Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=sample.xls"); 
header("Pragma:no-cache"); 
header("Expires:0"); 
2.PHPExcel
https://www.codeplex.com/PHPExcel
https://www.phpexcel.net
開發包Tests目錄有詳細使用實例  支持中文,註意文件編碼   文件保存為utf-8

寫excel
[php] 
//Include class 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel.php'); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php'); 
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel(); 
 
//Set properties 設置文件屬性 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw"); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw"); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document"); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document"); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes."); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php"); 
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file"); 
 
//Add some data 添加數據 
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'Hello');//可以指定位置 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', false); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B2', 'world!'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B3', 2); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C1', 'Hello'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D2', 'world!'); 
 
//循環 
for($i = 1;$i<200;$i++) { 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, $i); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, 'Test value'); 

 
//日期格式化 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D1', time()); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D1')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_YYYYMMDDSLASH); 
 
//Add comment 添加註釋 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->setAuthor('PHPExcel'); 
$objCommentRichText = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('PHPExcel:'); 
$objCommentRichText->getFont()->setBold(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun("\r\n"); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('Total amount on the current invoice, excluding VAT.'); 
 
//Add rich-text string 添加文字 可設置樣式 
$objRichText = new PHPExcel_RichText( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('A18') ); 
$objRichText->createText('This invoice is '); 
$objPayable = $objRichText->createTextRun('payable within thirty days after the end of the month'); 
$objPayable->getFont()->setBold(true); 
$objPayable->getFont()->setItalic(true); 
$objPayable->getFont()->setColor( new PHPExcel_Style_Color( PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_DARKGREEN ) ); 
$objRichText->createText(', unless specified otherwise on the invoice.'); 
 
//Merge cells 合並分離單元格 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A18:E22'); 
 
//Protect cells 保護單元格 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);//Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection! 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel'); 
 
//Set cell number formats 數字格式化 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' ); 
 
//Set column widths 設置列寬度 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12); 
 
//Set fonts 設置字體 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE); 
 
//Set alignments 設置對齊 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A3')->getAlignment()->setWrapText(true); 
 
//Set column borders 設置列邊框 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A10')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E10')->getBorders()->getRight()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK); 
 
//Set border colors 設置邊框顏色 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300'); 
 
//Set fills 設置填充 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080'); 
 
//Add a hyperlink to the sheet 添加鏈接 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E26', 'www.phpexcel.net'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setUrl('https://www.phpexcel.net'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setTooltip('Navigate to website'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E26')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT); 
 
//Add a drawing to the worksheet 添加圖片 
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing(); 
$objDrawing->setName('Logo'); 
$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo'); 
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg'); 
$objDrawing->setHeight(36); 
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15'); 
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110); 
$objDrawing->setRotation(25); 
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true); 
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45); 
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()); 
 
//Play around with inserting and removing rows and columns 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewRowBefore(6, 10); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeRow(6, 10); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewColumnBefore('E', 5); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeColumn('E', 5); 
 
//Add conditional formatting 
$objConditional1 = new PHPExcel_Style_Conditional(); 
$objConditional1->setConditionType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::CONDITION_CELLIS); 
$objConditional1->setOperatorType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::OPERATOR_LESSTHAN); 
$objConditional1->setCondition('0'); 
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_RED); 
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->setBold(true); 
 
//Set autofilter 自動過濾 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setAutoFilter('A1:C9'); 
 
//Hide "Phone" and "fax" column 隱藏列 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('C')->setVisible(false); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setVisible(false); 
 
//Set document security 設置文檔安全 
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockWindows(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockStructure(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setWorkbookPassword("PHPExcel"); 
 
//Set sheet security 設置工作表安全 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setPassword('PHPExcel'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);// This should be enabled in order to enable any of the following! 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSort(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setInsertRows(true); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setFormatCells(true); 
 
//Calculated data 計算 
echo 'Value of B14 [=COUNT(B2:B12)]: ' . $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B14')->getCalculatedValue() . "\r\n"; 
 
//Set outline levels 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setOutlineLevel(1); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setVisible(false); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setCollapsed(true); 
 
//Freeze panes 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->freezePane('A2'); 
 
//Rows to repeat at top 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setRowsToRepeatAtTopByStartAndEnd(1, 1); 
 
//Set data validation 驗證輸入值 
$objValidation = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->getDataValidation(); 
$objValidation->setType( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::TYPE_WHOLE ); 
$objValidation->setErrorStyle( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::STYLE_STOP ); 
$objValidation->setAllowBlank(true); 
$objValidation->setShowInputMessage(true); 
$objValidation->setShowErrorMessage(true); 
$objValidation->setErrorTitle('Input error'); 
$objValidation->setError('Number is not allowed!'); 
$objValidation->setPromptTitle('Allowed input'); 
$objValidation->setPrompt('Only numbers between 10 and 20 are allowed.'); 
$objValidation->setFormula1(10); 
$objValidation->setFormula2(20); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->setDataValidation($objValidation); 
 
//Create a new worksheet, after the default sheet 創建新的工作標簽 
$objPHPExcel->createSheet(); 
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(1); 
 
//Set header and footer. When no different headers for odd/even are used, odd header is assumed. 頁眉頁腳 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddHeader('&C&HPlease treat this document as confidential!'); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddFooter('&L&B' . $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->getTitle() . '&RPage &P of &N'); 
 
//Set page orientation and size 方向大小 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setOrientation(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE); 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setPaperSize(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::PAPERSIZE_A4); 
 
//Rename sheet 重命名工作表標簽 
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple'); 
 
//Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet 
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0); 
 
//Save Excel 2007 file 保存 
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__)); 
  
//Save Excel 5 file 保存 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'); 
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xls', __FILE__)); 
 
//1.6.2新版保存 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php'); 
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007'); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xls', __FILE__)); 

讀excel
[php] 
//Include class 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/Excel2007.php'); 
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_Excel2007; 
$objPHPExcel = $objReader->load("05featuredemo.xlsx"); 

讀寫csv
[php] 
require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php"); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/CSV.php'); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/CSV.php'); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php'); 
//Write to CSV format 寫 
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_CSV($objPHPExcel); 
$objWriter->setDelimiter(';'); 
$objWriter->setEnclosure(''); 
$objWriter->setLineEnding("\r\n"); 
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.csv', __FILE__)); 
//Read from CSV format 讀 
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_CSV(); 
$objReader->setDelimiter(';'); 
$objReader->setEnclosure(''); 
$objReader->setLineEnding("\r\n"); 
$objReader->setSheetIndex(0); 
$objPHPExcelFromCSV = $objReader->load(str_replace('.php', '.csv', __FILE__)); 
//Write to Excel2007 format 
$objWriter2007 = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcelFromCSV); 
$objWriter2007->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__)); 

寫html
[php] 
require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php"); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/HTML.php'); 
//Write to HTML format 
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_HTML($objPHPExcel); 
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.htm', __FILE__)); 

寫pdf
[php] 
require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php"); 
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php'); 
//Write to PDF format www.2cto.com
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'PDF'); 
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0); 
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.pdf', __FILE__)); 
//Echo memory peak usage 
echo date('H:i:s') . " Peak memory usage: " . (memory_get_peak_usage(true) / 1024 / 1024) .
作者:diandian_520

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